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Marble Sculpture

Marble sculpture is the art of creating three-dimensional structure from marble. Sculpture is among the oldest of the arts. Even before painting. cave walls, early humans fashioned shapes from stone. From these beginnings, artifacts have evolved to their current complexity.

Marble is a metamorphic rock derived from limestone, composed mostly of calcite (a crystalline form of calcium carbonate, CaCO3). The original source of the parent limestone is the seabed deposition of calcium carbonate in the form of microscopic animal skeletons or similar materials. Marble is formed when the limestone is transformed by heat and pressure after being overlain by other materials. Among the commonly available stones, only marble has a slight translucency i.e. subsurface scattering that is comparable to that of human skin. It is this translucency that gives a marble sculpture a visual depth beyond its surface and this evokes a certain realism when used for figurative works. Marble also has the advantage that, when first quarried, it is relatively soft and easy to work, refine, and polish. As the finished marble last for years, Preference of marble is based largely on the fineness of marble's grain, which enables the sculptor to render minute detail in a manner not always possible with limestone; it is also more weather-resistant than any other stone.
 

Process

The work begins with the selection of a stone for carving. The artist draws the outline for the sculpture and he starts carving . the carver usually begins by knocking off, or "pitching", large portions of unwanted stone. For this task he may select a point chisel, which is a long, hefty piece of steel with a point at one end and a broad striking surface at the other. A pitching tool may also be used at this early stage, which is a wedge-shaped chisel with a broad, flat edge. The pitching tool is useful for splitting the stone and removing large, unwanted chunks.
 
The carver places the point of the chisel or the edge of the pitching tool against a selected part of the stone, and then swings the mallet at it with a controlled stroke. He must be careful to strike the end of the tool accurately this process will lead to raw structure of the sculpture ,if the carver is satisfied with the raw structure i.e. with the color of the material , pattern and shape than he proceed to final stage
 
The work begins with the selection of a stone for carving. The artist draws the outline for the sculpture and he starts carving . the carver usually begins by knocking off, or "pitching", large portions of unwanted stone. For this task he may select a point chisel, which is a long, hefty piece of steel with a point at one end and a broad striking surface at the other. A pitching tool may also be used at this early stage, which is a wedge-shaped chisel with a broad, flat edge. The pitching tool is useful for splitting the stone and removing large, unwanted chunks.