The Buddha is very well represented in many iconographic forms, but there is no physical evidence and exact representations of Buddha’s physical traits, Assumptions have been made on the basis of traditions ,customs and the way he was brought up .the physical strength that he possessed represents him as a Kshatriya prince. Other described Buddha as handsome, good looking and pleasing with beautiful complexion.
Buddha statues and Buddha images are a symbolic as well as spiritual representation to enlighten one’s wisdom and knowledge Though there are many depictions and styles of the Buddha statues and Buddha’s head depending on the region of the origin and culture, but the basic meaning that the history represents is somewhat the same all over the world . These statues depicts how a Kshatriya prince turned into religious/spiritual leader. The messages of Buddha’s teachings and knowledge were encoded by symbols on the statues , when the people where not literate, and more oral culture of education was prevailing.
Buddha head is one of the most popular iconographic representation of Buddha and his characterstics, A round, youthful, charming and sweet looking face is most important characterstic of the head of Buddha. Buddha heads are crafted so as to represent the vast wealth of knowledge which he possessed.
Buddha’s head represents his wisdom with faint smile on the face which symbolize his peaceful and serene nature. On the top of buddha’s head known as the Ushnisha is a large cranial bump on the head which represents his knowledge and wisdom which Buddha attained after enlightenment . The ushnisha sometimes takes the form of a flame which indicates illumination
The face of Buddha heads usually have half-closed eyes which indicates a state of meditation: i.e looking inward into the self as well as outward with a gentle smile on the lips. A small hairy bump between the eyebrows, is also called as the Urna, which is also another peculiar feature which symbolizes the supernatural vision of the Buddha. The long ears represent the Buddha’s hearing power which is believed that he hears what is needed in the world, the exact reason behind the elongated earlobes is the wealth he had during his life as a prince, when he use to wore extravagant and heavy jewellery and earrings on his ears. And the curly hairs represents the nobility which he possessed.
The Buddha head statue is object of great significance in Buddhism and by the followers of the religion , but that does not mean that Buddha head carries only religious significance only, but these sculptures can act as great object of decoration as they radiate the feeling of peace and harmony around any one’s life.